Inhibition of Theophylline Clearance by Coadministered Ofloxacin Without Alteration of Theophylline Effects

Publication: Antimicrob Agents Chemother
Division: Cognigen


The influence of multiple doses of ofloxacin (ORF 18489) on the disposition of theophylline was studied in 15 male volunteers. Subjects were confined in the Clinical Research Unit for 13 days and given a xanthine-free diet. A single dose (3 mg/kg) of theophylline was given orally, and blood samples were collected at fixed time intervals for 36 h. The concentrations of theophylline were measured with TDX (Abbott Diagnostics, Irving, Tex.), and clearance was calculated. Theophylline clearance was used to individualize subsequent doses to achieve average steady-state theophylline concentrations in plasma of 10 mg/liter. Individualized theophylline doses were administered every 8 h until steady-state conditions were reached. Theophylline clearance was determined again at steady state and on days 7 and 8. On day 8, ofloxacin (400 mg every 12 h) was given concomitantly with theophylline. Theophylline clearance was measured again on day 12, after the last theophylline dose. Administration of ofloxacin for 1 day did not change theophylline clearance, but coadministration for 4 days significantly decreased theophylline clearance by 12.1% (P less than 0.05). The area under the concentration-time curve for theophylline increased 9.9% (P less than 0.05), and average steady-state concentrations in plasma increased 10.3% (P less than 0.05). Despite changes in clearance, adverse effects of theophylline did not increase during coadministration of ofloxacin. Although statistically significant, the interaction between ofloxacin and theophylline is unlikely to be of major clinical importance.

By Gregoire SL, Thaddeus H. Grasela, Freer JP, Tack KJ, Schentag JJ