A repository of protein abundance data of drug metabolizing enzymes and transporters for applications in physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modelling and simulation
Population factors such as age, gender, ethnicity, genotype and disease state can cause inter-individual variability in pharmacokinetic (PK) profile of drugs. Primarily, this variability arises from differences in abundance of drug metabolizing enzymes and transporters (DMET) among individuals and/or groups. Hence, availability of compiled data on abundance of DMET proteins in different populations can be useful for developing physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) models. The latter are routinely employed for prediction of PK profiles and drug interactions during drug development and in case of special populations, where clinical studies either are not feasible or have ethical concerns. Therefore, the main aim of this work was to develop a repository of literature-reported DMET abundance data in various human tissues, which included compilation of information on sample size, technique(s) involved, and the demographic factors. The collation of literature reported data revealed high inter-laboratory variability in abundance of DMET proteins. We carried out unbiased meta-analysis to obtain weighted mean and percent coefficient of variation (%CV) values. The obtained %CV values were then integrated into a PBPK model to highlight the variability in drug PK in healthy adults, taking lamotrigine as a model drug. The validated PBPK model was extrapolated to predict PK of lamotrigine in paediatric and hepatic impaired populations. This study thus exemplifies importance of the DMET protein abundance database, and use of determined values of weighted mean and %CV after meta-analysis in PBPK modelling for the prediction of PK of drugs in healthy and special populations.