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Nov 18, 2014

A combination of pharmacophore modeling, molecular docking, and virtual screening for P2Y12 receptor antagonists from Chinese herbs

Abstract

P2Y12, a member of the G-protein-coupled receptors, is associated with abnormal platelet aggregation, a condition that contributes to thrombus formation. As receptor antagonists are effective solutions for anti-thrombus, the P2Y12 receptor is a popular drug target. After the recent resolution of the P2Y12 receptor’s crystal structure, pharmacophore modeling and docking were combined to discover potential natural antagonists. Various approaches were used for the validation of the pharmacophore models and the optimization of docking algorithms. Hypo18, which was generated by 24 known antagonists, was determined to be the best hypothesis and is comprised of one ring aromatic, one hydrogen bond acceptor, one exclude volume, and three hydrophobic features. Hypo18 was thus utilized to screen TCMD (version 2009) to identify any potential active compounds, which then resulted in a hit list of 121 compounds with drug-likeness analysis. In addition, docking was used to refine the pharmacophore-based screening results as a cross-linking method. Then, the top 20 compounds with high docking scores were reserved. This paper provides a reliable source for discovering natural P2Y12 receptor antagonists from traditional Chinese herbs.

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