Developing in silico models to predict the brain penetration of drugs remains a challenge owing to the intricate involvement of multiple transport systems in the blood brain barrier, and the necessity to consider a combination of multiple pharmacokinetic parameters. P-glycoprotein (P-gp) is one of the most important transporters affecting the brain penetration of drugs. Here, we developed an in silico prediction model for P-gp efflux potential in brain capillary endothelial cells (BCEC). Using the representative values of P-gp net efflux ratio in BCEC, we proposed a novel prediction system for brain-to-plasma concentration ratio (Kp,brain) and unbound brain-to-plasma concentration ratio (Kp,uu,brain) of P-gp substrates. We validated the proposed prediction system using newly acquired experimental brain penetration data of 28 P-gp substrates. Our system improved the predictive accuracy of brain penetration of drugs using only chemical structure information compared with that of previous studies.
By Reiko Watanabe, Tsuyoshi Esaki, Rikiya Ohashi, Masataka Kuroda, Hitoshi Kawashima, Hiroshi Komura, Yayoi Natsume-Kitatani, and Kenji Mizuguchi