Effect of Food Composition on the PK of Isoniazid Quantitatively Explained Using Physiologically Based Biopharmaceutics Modeling

Division: Simulations Plus


This work shows the utilization of a physiologically based biopharmaceutics model (PBBM) to mechanistically explain the impact of diverse food types on the pharmacokinetics (PK) of isoniazid (INH) and acetyl-isoniazid (Ac-INH). The model was established and validated using published PK profiles for INH along with a combination of measured and predicted values for the physico-chemical and biopharmaceutical propertied of INH and Ac-INH. A dedicated ontogeny model was developed for N-acetyltransferase 2 (NAT2) in human integrating Michaelis Menten parameters for this enzyme in the physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model tissues and in the gut, to explain the pre-systemic and systemic metabolism of INH across different acetylator types. Additionally, a novel equation was proposed to calculate the luminal drug degradation related to the presence of reducing sugars, using individual sugar molar concentrations in the meal. By incorporating luminal degradation into the model, adjusting bile salt concentrations and gastric emptying according to food type and quantity, the PBBM was able to accurately predict the negative effect of carbohydrate-rich diets on the PK of INH.

By Xavier J. H. Pepin & Sandra Suarez-Sharp