Evaluating the bioequivalence of two pitavastatin calcium formulations based on IVIVC modeling and clinical study

Publication: Clin Transl Sci
Software: GastroPlus®


In vitro-in vivo correlation (IVIVC) allows prediction of the in vivo performance of a pharmaceutical product based on its in vitro drug release profiles and can be used to reduce the number of bioequivalence (BE) studies during product development, and facilitate certain regulatory decisions. Here, we developed an IVIVC model for pitavastatin calcium, a basic Biopharmaceutics Classification System (BCS) II lipid-lowering drug, which was then used to predict the BE outcome of formulations manufactured at two manufacturers. In addition, virtual trials using the IVIVC model using pH 4.0 acetate buffer dissolution showed similarity in areas under the curves and maximum plasma concentration (Cmax) for test and reference tablets under fasting condition. These predicted results were verified in definitive BE study. In conclusion, we demonstrated that for certain BCS II molecules, IVIVC modeling could be used as a priori to predict the BE outcome.

By Jiaying Wang, Jinliang Chen, Lu Wang, Dandan Yang, Rong Shao, Honggang Lou, Zourong Ruan, Bo Jiang