Ferulic acid-carbazole hybrid compounds: combination of cholinesterase inhibition, antioxidant and neuroprotection as multifunctional anti-Alzheimer agents
In order to search for novel multifunctional anti-Alzheimer agents, a series of ferulic acid–carbazole hybrid compounds were designed and synthesized. Ellman’s assay revealed that the hybrid compounds showed moderate to potent inhibitory activity against the cholinesterases. Particularly, the AChE inhibition potency of compound 5k (IC50 1.9 μM) was even 5-fold higher than that of galantamine. In addition, the target compounds showed pronounced antioxidant ability and neuroprotective property, especially against the ROS-induced toxicity. Notably, the neuroprotective effect of 5k was obviously superior to that of the mixture of ferulic acid and carbazole, indicating the therapeutic effect of the hybrid compound is better than the combination administration of the corresponding mixture.