1. Plasma concentrations of curcumin-O-glucuronide (COG) and curcumin-O-sulfate (COS) significantly increased after Sprague-Dawley rats dealt with the Oatp inhibitor rifampicin, with the Cmax ascending 2.9 and 6.7 times, and the AUC0–∞ ascending 4.4 and 10.8 times, respectively. When pretreated with the Oat inhibitor probenecid, the Cmax increased 4.4 and 20 times, and the AUC0–∞ increased 3.2 and 13.9 times, respectively. The results suggested that COG and COS may be the substrates of Oatp and Oat.
2. The accumulation of curcumin significantly increased in organic anion transporting polypeptide (OATP)- and organic anion transporter (OAT)-transfected human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 systems, which suggested that curcumin was a substrate of OATP1B1, OATP1B3, OATP2B1, OAT1, and OAT3; and COG was a substrate of OATP1B1, OATP1B3, and OAT3.
3. Inhibition study using rosuvastatin as the substrate in OATP1B1- and OATP1B3-transfected cells indicated that curcumin was an OATP1B1 and 1B3 inhibitor, with IC50 at 5.19 ± 0.05 and 3.68 ± 0.05 μM, respectively; the data for COG were 1.04 ± 0.01 and 1.08 ± 0.02 μM, respectively. COS was speculated to be an inhibitor of hepatic OATP1B1 as calculated using the ADMET Predictor.
4. COG and COS are substrates and inhibitors of OATP/Oatp. Co-administration of curcumin significantly increased rosuvastatin concentration in rat and dog plasma.