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Jul 3, 2019

Integration of In Silico Pharmacokinetic Modeling Approaches Into In Vitro Dissolution Profiles to Predict Bioavailability of a Poorly Soluble Compound

Abstract

The objective of present study is to develop pharmacokinetic (PK) prediction methods using in silico PK model for oral immediate release drug products (i.e. solution, suspension, and amorphous solid dispersion). A poorly water soluble compound with low bioavailability in rat was used (CS-758 as a model compound). A constructed in silico PK model contained an advance compartmental absorption and transit model. For solution, the in silico PK model reproduced an observed rat plasma concentration (Cp)-time profile. In addition, an in vitro dissolution method was developed to predict a rat Cp-time profile for suspension. As a result, the in silico PK model could predict the observed one by using dissolution profiles as the input. Furthermore, a dissolution profile of amorphous solid dispersion was applied to verify the in silico PK model. A result indicated the simulated rat Cp-time profile was significantly comparable to the observed one. This study demonstrated that the integration of an in silico PK model into dissolution profiles can predict rat Cp-time profiles for suspension and amorphous solid dispersion. These results suggest that the integration of in silico PK modeling approaches into dissolution profiles can contribute to the formulation screening for poorly soluble compounds by predicting PK behaviors.

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