Leveraging Physiologically Based Modelling to Provide Insights on the Absorption of Paliperidone Extended-Release Formulation under Fed and Fasting Conditions

Publication: Pharmaceutics
Software: GastroPlus®
Division: Simulations Plus


Paliperidone was approved by the US FDA in 2006 as an extended-release (ER) tablet (Invega®) for the once-daily treatment of schizophrenia. This osmotic-controlled release oral delivery system (OROS) offers advantages, such as the prevention of plasma concentration fluctuation and reduced dosing frequency. The administration of the ER after a high-fat/high-calorie meal leads to increased maximum plasma concentration and area under the curve values by 60% and 54%, respectively. Food has various effects on gastrointestinal (GI) physiology, including changed transit times, changed volumes, altered pH in different GI compartments, secretion of bile salts, and increased hepatic blood flow. This may affect solubility, the dissolution rate, absorption, and the pharmacokinetics. The aim of this study was to apply physiologically based absorption modeling (PBAM) to provide insights on paliperidone ER absorption under fed and fasting conditions. The PBAM adequately predicted absorption from the OROS formulation under both conditions. Absorption primarily occurs in the ascending colon and caecum. After a high-fat/high-calorie meal, absorption is increased through the jejunum, ileum, and colon due to either increased solubilization or the better efficiency of the OROS technology. PBAM-guided approaches can improve the understanding of branded drugs and thereby aid in guiding the development of generic formulations or formulation alternatives.

By Saima Subhani, Viera Lukacova, Chaejin Kim, Leyanis Rodriguez-Vera, Paula Muniz, Monica Rodriguez, Rodrigo Cristofoletti, Sandra Van Os, Elena Suarez, Stephan Schmidt & Valvanera Vozmediano