Liquid Chromatography–Electrospray Ionization Tandem Mass Spectrometry Estimation of Quercetin-Loaded Nanoemulsion in Rabbit Plasma: In Vivo–In Silico Pharmacokinetic Analysis Using GastroPlus

Publication: ACS Omega
Software: GastroPlus®


In the present study, we developed and validated a rapid, specific, sensitive, and reproducible liquid chromatography–electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry method for quantifying quercetin (QT) in rabbit plasma using hydrochlorothiazide as the internal standard. Animals were orally administered with optimized QT-loaded nanoemulsion (QTNE) and QT suspension (QTS), equivalent to 30 mg/kg, to the test and control group, respectively. The blood samples were collected at pre-determined time points up to 48 h. The linearity range was from 5 to 5000 ng mL–1 with R2 = 0.995. Further, we analyzed the various pharmacokinetic parameters and established the in vitroin vivo correlation (IVIVC) of QTNE using GastroPlus software. The method was successfully developed and validated, and when applied for the determination of QT in rabbit plasma, it exhibited an increase in Cmax from 122.56 ng mL–1 (QTS) to 286.51 ng mL–1 (QTNE) (2.34-fold) and AUC0–48 from 976 ng h mL–1 (QTS) to 4249 ng h mL–1 (QTNE) (4.35-fold), indicating improved oral bioavailability QT when administered as QTNE. Statistical analysis revealed that the Loo–Riegelman method (two-compartmental method) best fitted the deconvolution approach (R2 = 0.998, SEP = 4.537, MAE = 2.759, and AIC = 42.38) for establishing the IVIVC. In conclusion, the established bioanalytical method and IVIVC studies revealed that QTNE is a potential carrier for the effective delivery of QT with enhanced oral bioavailability.

By Sabya Sachi Das, Priya Ranjan Prasad Verma, Viswanathan Sekarbabu, Satyajit Mohanty, Ashok Kumar Pattnaik, Janne Ruokolainen, Kavindra Kumar Kesari, and Sandeep Kumar Singh