The development of a generic drug product involves demonstrating that there is no significant difference in the rate and extent to which the active ingredient becomes available at the site of action, relative to the reference listed drug product. This remains challenging for many locally acting topical dermatological products because measuring the concentration of the active ingredient at the site of action in the skin may not be straightforward, and, in most instances, there are no established relationships between skin and plasma pharmacokinetic profiles. In recent years, the Office of Generic Drugs of the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) established scientific research programs with the goal of enhancing patient access to high quality, affordable topical dermatological generics. A key strategy of these research programs was to leverage modeling and simulation methodologies that accelerate the development of these generics by facilitating alternative bioequivalence approaches for dermatological drug products. This report summarizes relevant insights and discussions from a 2021 FDA public workshop titled “Regulatory Utility of Mechanistic Modeling to Support Alternative Bioequivalence Approaches,” which illustrated how mechanistic modeling and simulation approaches can be utilized (and have been used) to inform generic drug product development and regulatory decisions during the assessment of generic drug applications submitted to the FDA.
By Eleftheria Tsakalozou, Khondoker Alam, Priyanka Ghosh, Jessica Spires, Sebastian Polak, Lanyan Fang, Srinivasa Sammeta, Ping Zhao, Sumit Arora & Sam G. Raney