The selective T-cell costimulation modulator abatacept is approved for treatment of adult rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis (pJIA; 6-17 years [intravenous] and 2-17 years [subcutaneous]). An extrapolation approach was taken to determine subcutaneous weight-tiered doses of abatacept to evaluate in patients with pJIA. Population pharmacokinetic (PPK) and exposure-response (E-R) analyses were conducted to determine whether the weight-tiered subcutaneous regimen provides near-maximal efficacy and is therapeutically comparable to the intravenous regimen in patients with pJIA aged 2-17 years. Combined study data from intravenous or subcutaneous abatacept were used to assess clinically relevant exposure outcomes. The PPK model was developed with data from 13 phase 2/3 studies in RA and pJIA; the E-R model for the American College of Rheumatology pediatric scores (JIA-ACR 30/50/70/100 responses) in month 4 was developed with data from 2 phase 3 pJIA studies. Predefined covariates were investigated in both analyses. PPK model-predicted exposures were steady-state peak, trough (Cminss ), and time-averaged concentrations. Abatacept PK was characterized by a linear 2-compartment model (zero-order intravenous infusion, first-order subcutaneous absorption, first-order elimination); body weight was the only clinically relevant covariate. Cminss was the best exposure predictor for the JIA-ACR response: log odds for response increased in proportion to log-transformed Cminss ; JIA-ACR30 approached a plateau when Cminss ≥ 10 μg/mL. The PPK and E-R analyses demonstrated that the weight-tiered subcutaneous and intravenous abatacept dosing regimens provide near-maximal efficacy and are clinically comparable across children with pJIA who are > 2 years old.
By, Yash Gandhi, Julie A Passarell, Amit Roy, Bindu Murthy