Physiologically Based Pharmacokinetic Absorption Model for Pexidartinib to Evaluate the Impact of Meal Contents and Intake Timing on Drug Exposure

Publication: Clinical Pharmacology in Drug Development


Pexidartinib is a systemic treatment for patients with tenosynovial giant cell tumor not amenable to surgery. Oral absorption of pexidartinib is affected by food; administration with a high-fat meal (HFM) or low-fat meal (LFM) increases absorption by approximately 100% and approximately 60%, respectively, compared with the fasted state. Pexidartinib is currently dosed 250 mg orally twice daily with an LFM (approximately 11-14 g of total fat). We developed a physiologically based pharmacokinetic model to determine the impact on drug exposure of dose timing with respect to meals, meal type, and caloric content. A 15%-16% increase in plasma exposure was predicted when consuming an HFM 1 hour after dosing with an LFM, but almost no effect on pharmacokinetics was predicted when an HFM was consumed 3 hours or more before or after pexidartinib dosing with an LFM. Exposure was not significantly affected when pexidartinib was taken with a 500-kcal LFM over the range of fat (approximately 11-14 g of total fat; 20%-25% calories from fat) for an LFM. These findings on timing of pexidartinib dose with respect to meals should be considered by patients and physicians to reduce the potential for side effects.

By Shintaro Nakayama, Viera Lukacova, Shuichi Tanabe, Akiko Watanabe, Jim Mullin, Sandra Suarez-Sharp, Takako Shimizu