The pharmacokinetics of teicoplanin differs in children as compared with adults, and especially in renally impaired pediatric patients. Inappropriate empirical antibacterial therapy may lead to treatment-related antibacterial resistance and increased toxicity, making adjustment of the dosage regimen essential. In the present study, physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) models were developed to define the appropriate dosage regimen for pediatric patients with differing renal function. Our PBPK models accurately predicted teicoplanin exposures in both adult and pediatric subjects after single and multiple intravenous infusions, with a <1.36-fold error between predicted and observed data, and all observed data were within minimal and maximal data of the corresponding population simulation. The area under the plasma concentration–time curve was predicted to increase 1.25-fold, 1.95-fold, and 2.82-fold in pediatric patients with mild, moderate, and severe renal impairment, respectively, relative to that of healthy children. Subsequently, the results of Monte Carlo simulations indicated that the recommended dosing of 12, 9.5, 6, and 4 mg/kg at 12-hour intervals would be appropriate in pediatric patients with normal renal function and in those with mild, moderate, and severe renal impairment, respectively, at a susceptible minimum inhibitory concentration <2 mg/L. In conclusion, our PBPK model with an incorporated Monte Carlo simulation can provide improved guidance on dosing in pediatric patients with differing renal function and provide a basis for precision therapy with teicoplanin.
By Jianwen Xu, Rongfang Lin, Yong Chen, Xiang You, Pinfang Huang, Cuihong Lin