Physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modelling in pregnancy is a relatively new approach that is increasingly being used to assess drug systemic exposure in pregnant women to potentially inform dosing adjustments. Physiological changes throughout pregnancy are incorporated into mathematical models to simulate drug disposition in the maternal and fetal compartments as well as the transfer of drugs across the placenta. This mini-review gathers currently available pregnancy PBPK models for drugs commonly used during pregnancy. In addition, information about the main PBPK modelling platforms used, metabolism pathways, drug transporters, data availability and drug labels were collected. The aim of this mini-review is to provide a concise overview, demonstrate trends in the field, highlight understudied areas and identify current gaps of PBPK modelling in pregnancy. Possible future applications of this PBPK approach are discussed from a clinical, regulatory and industry perspective.
By Monika Berezowska, Pradeep Sharma, Venkatesh Pilla Reddy, Paola Coppola