Physiologically-based pharmacokinetics modeling to investigate formulation factors influencing the generic substitution of dabigatran etexilate

Publication: CPT Pharmacometrics Syst Pharmacol
Software: ADMET Predictor®


The exposure-response relationship of direct acting oral anti-coagulants (DOACs) for bleeding risk is steep relative to ischemic stroke reduction. As a result, small changes in exposure may lead to bleeding events. The overall goal of this project was to determine the effect of critical formulation parameters on the pharmacokinetics (PKs) and thus safety and efficacy of generic DOACs. In this first installment of our overall finding, we developed and verified a physiologically-based PK (PBPK) model for dabigatran etexilate (DABE) and its metabolites. The model was developed following a middle out approach leveraging available in vitro and in vivo data. External validity of the model was confirmed by overlapping predicted and observed PK profiles for DABE as well as free and total dabigatran for a dataset not used during model development. The verified model was applied to interrogate the impact of modulating the microenvironment pH on DABE systemic exposure. The PBPK exploratory analyses highlighted the high sensitivity of DABE exposure to supersaturation ratio and precipitation kinetics

By Nashid Farhan, Rodrigo Cristofoletti, Sumit Basu, Sarah Kim, Karthik Lingineni, Sibo Jiang, Joshua D. Brown, Lanyan (Lucy) Fang, Lawrence J. Lesko,  Stephan Schmidt