Population pharmacokinetics of tigecycline in healthy volunteers
Tigecycline, a novel glycylcycline, possesses broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity. A structural population pharmacokinetic model for tigecycline was developed based on data pooled from 5 phase I studies. Intravenous tigecycline was administered as single (12.5-300 mg) or multiple (25-100 mg) doses every 12 hours for up to 10 days. Three-compartment models with zero-order input and first-order elimination separately described the single- or multiple-dose full-profile data. Additional models were evaluated using a subset of the phase I data mimicking the phase II/III trial sparse-sampling scheme and dosage. A 2-compartment model best described the reduced phase I data following single or multiple doses and provided reliably accurate estimates of tigecycline AUC(0-12). This modeling supported phase II/III population pharmacokinetic model development to further determine individual patient tigecycline exposures for safety and efficacy analyses.
By, Van Wart SA, Cirincione BB, Elizabeth Ludwig, Meagher AK, Korth-Bradley JM, Joel Owen