Prediction characteristics of oral absorption simulation software evaluated using structurally diverse low solubility drugs

Publication: J Pharm Sci
Software: GastroPlus®


The purpose of the present study was to characterize current biopharmaceutics modeling and simulation software regarding the prediction of the fraction of a dose absorbed (Fa) in humans. As commercial software products, GastroPlusTM and SimCYP® were employed. In addition, the gastrointestinal unified theoretical (GUT) framework, a simple and publicly accessible model, was employed as a benchmark. The Fa prediction characteristics for a total of 96 clinical Fa data of 27 model drugs were systematically evaluated using the default settings of each software product. The molecular weight, dissociation constant, octanol-water partition coefficient, solubility in biorelevant media, dose, and particle size of model drugs were used as input data. Even though the same input parameters were used, GastroPlusTM, SimCYP® and the GUT framework showed different Fa prediction characteristics depending on the rate-limiting steps of oral drug absorption. The results of the present study would be of great help for the overall progression of physiologically-based absorption models.