Prediction of pharmacokinetics of an anaplastic lymphoma kinase inhibitor in rat and monkey: application of physiologically based pharmacokinetic model as an alternative tool to minimise animal studies

Publication: Xenobiotica
Software: GastroPlus®


  1. The pharmacokinetic (PK) and toxicokinetic profile of a drug from its preclinical evaluation helps the researcher determine whether the drug should be tested in humans based on its safety and toxicity.

  2. Preclinical studies require time and resources and are prone to error. Moreover, according to the United States Food and Drug Administration Modernisation Act 2, animal testing is no longer mandatory for new drug development, and an animal-free alternative, such as cell-based assay and computer models, can be used.

  3. Different physiologically based PK models were developed for an anaplastic lymphoma kinase inhibitor in rats and monkeys after intravenous and oral administration using its physicochemical properties and in vitro characterisation data.

  4. The developed model was validated against the in vivo data available in the literature, and the validation results were found within the acceptable limit. A parameter sensitivity analysis was performed to identify the properties of the compound influencing the PK profile.

  5. This work demonstrates the application of the physiologically based PK model to predict the PKs of a drug, which will eventually assist in reducing the number of animal studies and save time and cost of drug discovery and development.

By Gobardhan Bal, Lakshmi Kanakaraj &Bibhash Chandra Mohanta