Quantitative analysis of an impact of P-glycoprotein on edoxaban’s disposition using a human physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model

Publication: Int J Pharm
Software: GastroPlus®


The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) efflux on edoxaban absorption in gastrointestinal tracts quantitatively by a physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model constructed with clinical and non-clinical observations (using GastroPlus™ software).

An absorption process was described by the advanced compartmental absorption and transit model with the P-gp function. A human PBPK model was constructed by integrating the clinical and non-clinical observations. The constructed model was demonstrated to reproduce the data observed in the mass-balance study. Thus, elimination pathways can be quantitatively incorporated into the model. A constructed model successfully described the difference in slopes of plasma concentration (Cp)-time curve at around 8 – 24 hr post-dose between intravenous infusion and oral administration. Furthermore, the model without P-gp efflux activity can reproduce the Cp-time profile in the absence of P-gp activity observed from the clinical DDI study results. Since the difference of slopes between intravenous infusion and oral administration also disappeared by the absence of P-gp efflux activity, P-gp must be a key molecule to govern edoxaban’s PK behavior. The constructed PBPK model will help us to understand the significant contribution of P-gp in edoxaban’s disposition in gastrointestinal tracts quantitatively.

By Takafumi Kato, Tsuyoshi Mikkaichi, Yasushi Yoshigae, Noriko Okudaira, Takako Shimizu, Takashi Izumi, Shuichi Ando, Yoshiaki Matsumoto