Role of Physiologically Based Biopharmaceutics Modeling (PBBM) in Fed Bioequivalence Study Waivers: Regulatory Outlook, Case Studies and Future Perspectives

Publication: J Pharm Sci
Software: GastroPlus®


Over the past few decades, physiologically based biopharmaceutics modeling (PBBM) has demonstrated its utility in both new drug and generic product development. Applications of PBBM for fed bioequivalence study waivers is an upcoming area. Recently Innovation & Quality (IQ) consortium demonstrated utility of PBBM to avoid repeat food effect studies for new drugs. In the similar lines, the current manuscript aims to discuss role of PBBM in generic fed bioequivalence study waivers. Generic industry practices related to PBBM model development to predict fed bioequivalence was portrayed with special emphasis on fed bio-predictive media. Media that can simulate fed bioequivalence study outcome were discussed from practical perspective. In-depth analysis, collating the data from 36 products was performed to understand predictability of PBBM for fed bioequivalence. Cases where PBBM was successful to predict fed bioequivalence was correlated with BCS class, formulation category and type of food effect. Further, two case studies were presented wherein fed bioequivalence study waiver obtained with PBBM approach. Lastly, future direction in terms of fed bioequivalence study waivers, regulatory perspectives and best practices for PBBM were portrayed. Overall, this article paves a way to utilize PBBM for generic fed bioequivalence study waivers.

By Sivacharan Kollipara, Frederico S. Martins, Maitri Sanghavi, Gustavo Mendes Lima Santos, Anuj Saini, Tausif Ahmed