Second basic pKa: An overlooked parameter in predicting phospholipidosis-inducing potential of diamines

Publication: Bioorg Med Chem


In this paper, we present the phospholipidosis-inducing potential (PLIP) of forty fragment-sized diamines derived from N-benzyl-4-(methylamino)piperidine and discuss the relationship between their PLIP and the physicochemical properties. Our results demonstrate that the previously reported methods are not suitable for predicting the PLIP of fragment-sized diamines; the second basic pKa can distinguish PLIP-positive diamines from PLIP-negative diamines more accurately than ClogP or most basic pKa. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report describing the relationship between PLIP and second basic pKa.