Abstract and Figures
Dopamine and serotonin in the basal ganglia interact in a bidirectional manner. On the one hand, serotonin (5-HT) receptors regulate the effects of dopamine agonists on several levels, ranging from molecular signaling to behavior. These interactions include 5-HT receptor-mediated facilitation of dopamine receptor-induced gene regulation in striatal output pathways, which involves the 5-HT1B receptor and others. Conversely, there is evidence that dopamine action by psychostimulants regulates 5-HT1B receptor expression in the striatum. To further investigate the effects of dopamine and agonists on 5-HT receptors, we assessed the expression of 5-HT1B and other serotonin receptor subtypes in the striatum after unilateral dopamine depletion by 6-OHDA and subsequent treatment with L-DOPA (5 mg/kg; 4 weeks). Neither dopamine depletion nor L-DOPA treatment produced significant changes in 5-HT2C, 5-HT4, or 5-HT6 receptor expression in the striatum. In contrast, the 6-OHDA lesion caused a (modest) increase in 5-HT1B mRNA levels throughout the striatum. Moreover, repeated L-DOPA treatment markedly further elevated 5-HT1B expression in the dopamine-depleted striatum, an effect that was most robust in the sensorimotor striatum. A minor L-DOPA-induced increase in 5-HT1B expression was also seen in the intact striatum. These changes in 5-HT1B expression mimicked changes in the expression of neuropeptide markers (dynorphin, enkephalin mRNA) in striatal projection neurons. After repeated L-DOPA treatment, the severity of L-DOPA-induced dyskinesias and turning behavior was positively correlated with the increase in 5-HT1B expression in the associative, but not sensorimotor, striatum ipsilateral to the lesion, suggesting that associative striatal 5-HT1B receptors may play a role in L-DOPA-induced behavioral abnormalities.
By Fernando Eduardo Padovan-Neto, Santanna Patterson, Nivea Falcao Voelkner, Feras Altwal, Joel A. Beverley, Anthony R West & Heinz Steiner