Thousands of death in Africa and other developing nations are still attributed to trypanosomiasis. Excessive sleep has been associated with increased inflammation. We report herein, the synthesis, antitrypanosomal and anti-inflammatory activities of eight new carboxamide derivatives bearing substituted benzenesulfonamides. The base promoted reactions of l-proline and L-4-hydroxyproline with substituted benzenesulfonyl chlorides gave the benzenesulfonamides (11a-h) in excellent yields. Boric acid mediated amidation of the benzenesulfonamides (11a-h) and p-aminobenzoic acid (12) gave the new carboxamides (13a-h) in excellent yields. The new carboxamides were tested for their antitrypanosomal and anti-inflammatory activities against Trypanosome brucei gambiense and inhibition of carrageenan-induced rat paw edema. Compound 13f was the most potent antitrypanosomal agent with an IC50 value of 2 nM as against 5 nM for melarsoprol; whereas compound 13a was the most potent anti-inflammatory agent with percentage inhibition of carrageenan-induced rat paw edema of 58, 60, 67 and 84% after 0.5 h, 1 h, 2 h and 3 h administration respectively. The structure-activity relationshipstudy revealed that substitution at the para position in the benzenesulfonamide ring increased both the antitrypanosomal and anti-inflammatory activities. The 4-hydroxyprolines (13a-d) showed higher anti-inflammatory activity than the prolines (13e-h). In contrast, the prolines (13e-h) had higher antitrypanosomal activities than the 4-hydroxyprolines. The link between excessive sleep and inflammation makes the report of this class of compounds possessing both antitrypanosomal and anti-inflammatory activity worthwhile. The pharmacokinetic studies showed that the compounds would not pose oral bioavailability, transport and permeability problems.