The AI‑driven Drug Design (AIDD) platform: an interactive multi‑parameter optimization system integrating molecular evolution with physiologically based pharmacokinetic simulations

Publication: Journal of Computer-Aided Molecular Design


Computer-aided drug design has advanced rapidly in recent years, and multiple instances of in silico designed molecules  advancing to the clinic have demonstrated the contribution of this field to medicine. Properly designed and implemented platforms can drastically reduce drug development timelines and costs. While such efforts were initially focused primarily on target affinity/activity, it is now appreciated that other parameters are equally important in the successful development of a drug and its progression to the clinic, including pharmacokinetic properties as well as absorption, distribution, metabolic, excretion and toxicological (ADMET) properties. In the last decade, several programs have been developed that incorporate these properties into the drug design and optimization process and to varying degrees, allowing for multi-parameter optimization. Here, we introduce the Artificial Intelligence-driven Drug Design (AIDD) platform, which automates the drug design process by integrating high-throughput physiologically-based pharmacokinetic simulations (powered by GastroPlus) and ADMET predictions (powered by ADMET Predictor) with an advanced evolutionary algorithm that is quite different than current generative models. AIDD uses these and other estimates in iteratively performing multi-objective optimizations to produce novel molecules that are active and lead-like. Here we describe the AIDD workflow and details of the methodologies involved therein. We use a dataset of triazolopyrimidine inhibitors of the dihydroorotate dehydrogenase from Plasmodium falciparum to illustrate how AIDD generates novel sets of molecules.
By Jeremy Jones, Robert D. Clark, Michael S. Lawless, David W. Miller, Marvin Waldman