Tigecycline, a first-in-class expanded-spectrum antimicrobial agent, has demonstrated efficacy in the treatment of complicated intra-abdominal and skin and skin-structure infections. This new antibiotic is available as an intravenous formulation and exhibits linear pharmacokinetics. It is rapidly distributed and has a large volume of distribution, indicating extensive tissue penetration. After a 100-milligram loading dose, followed by 50 milligrams every 12 h, the steady-state maximum concentration in serum after a 1-h infusion is approximately 0.6 microg/mL, the 24-h steady-state area under the concentration-time curve is approximately 5-6 microg.h/mL, and the terminal elimination half-life is approximately 40 h. The major route of elimination of tigecycline is through the feces, primarily as unchanged drug. The pharmacokinetic profile is not affected by severe or end-stage renal disease, nor is it significantly altered by hemodialysis. The pharmacokinetics of tigecycline are also not affected by food, although tolerability is increased if the drug is administered following a meal.
By, Meagher AK, Ambrose PG, Thaddeus H Grasela, Ellis-Grosse EJ