Evidence shows that there is an increasing use of modeling and simulation to support product development and approval for complex generic drug products in the USA, which includes the use of mechanistic modeling and model-integrated evidence (MIE). The potential for model reuse was the subject of a workshop session summarized in this review, where the session included presentations and a panel discussion from members of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), academia, and the generic drug product industry. Concepts such as platform performance assessment and MIE standardization were introduced to provide potential frameworks for model reuse related to mechanistic models and MIE, respectively. The capability of models to capture formulation and product differences was explored, and challenges with model validation were addressed for drug product classes including topical, orally inhaled, ophthalmic, and long-acting injectable drug products. An emphasis was placed on the need for communication between FDA and the generic drug industry to continue to foster maturation of modeling and simulation that may support complex generic drug product development and approval, via meetings and published guidance from FDA. The workshop session provided a snapshot of the current state of modeling and simulation for complex generic drug products and offered opportunities to explore the use of such models across multiple drug products.
By Ross L. Walenga, Andrew H. Babiskin, Sid Bhoopathy, James F. Clarke, Jan De Backer, Murray Ducharme, Marc Kelly, Maxime Le Merdy, Miyoung Yoon & Partha Roy