01. Discovery
What is the PCB Module?

ADMET Predictor’s PCB Module contains models for physicochemical property prediction. Each model was built by Simulations Plus scientists using artificial neural network ensemble (ANNE) technology.  The data sets were highly curated in order to generate highly accurate models.  The data for our pKa model (S+pKa) was recently expanded in a collaboration with Bayer scientists. This resulted in more accurate predictions for a set of 16,000 compounds that were not used to train the model.  Our logP (S+logP) and aqueous solubility (S+Sw) models have been ranked number one in peer reviewed journal articles.1,2 The models in the PCB module are also available in the ADMET Predictor module of GastroPlus® in order to perform PBPK simulations using in silico predicted properties.

02. Explore
Physicochemical property prediction

The image below lists the models in ADMET Predictor’s PCB Module.

  • New Models created for ADMET Predictor version 9.0!

    NEW! The supersaturation (SupSatn), blood brain barrier penetration classification model (BBB_Filter), Pgp substrate (Pgp_Substr) and inhibition (Pgp_Inhib), and OATP1B1 inhibition (OATP1B1_Inh) models were rebuilt to improve their estimates of prediction confidence

    Several new models based on data from the Extended Clearance Classification System journal article by Varma et al.3 were created for ADMET Predictor version 9.0

    • NEW! A model to prediction high or low permeability in a low efflux MDCK assay (S+MDCK-LE)
    • NEW! The Extended Clearance Classification System (ECCS) has been implemented
    • NEW! S+CL_Mech model predicts if a compound’s major clearance pathway is renal, metabolic, or hepatic uptake
    • NEW! S+CL_Renal, S+CL_Metab, S+CL_Uptake are binary classification models that predict if a compounds major clearance pathway is renal, metabolic, or hepatic uptake

    NEW! The human plasma protein binding (hum_fup%) model was rebuilt with additional data

    NEW! Plots of solubility and logD vs. pH

    NEW! BCS4/DCS5 explorer window


    Brief descriptions of the models are below.

    1 J. Pharm. Sci. 2008, 98, 861.

    2 a) Expert Opin. Drug Discov. 2006, 1, 31-52. b) Science of the Total Environment, 2013, 463-464, 781-789.

    3 Varma MV, Steyn SJ, Allerton C, El-Kattan AF. “Predicting Clearance Mechanism in Drug Discovery: Extended Clearance Classification System (ECCS).” Pharm Res 2015; 32:3785.

    4 Amidon, GL, Lennernas H, Shah VP, Crison JR”A theoretical basis for a biopharmaceutic drug classification: the correlation of in vitro drug product dissolution and in vivo bioavailability.” Pharm. Res. 1995; 12:413-20.

    5 Butler JM and Dressman JB.  “The developability classification system: application of biopharmaceutics concepts to formulation development.” J. Pharm. Sci. 2010; 99(12):4940-54.

  • pKa, partition, and transporters models
    • Multiprotic pKa model (S+Acidic_pKa, S+Mixed_pKa, S+Basic_pKa) – a thermodynamically accurate multiprotic model for multiple ionization sites based on atomic descriptors and neural networks – not a database lookup!
    • logP (S+logP, MlogP) – log of the octanol to water partition coefficient.  There are two models, an artificial neural network ensemble (S+logP) and Moriguchi (MlogP)
    • logD (S+logD) – estimation of octanol-water distribution coefficient at user-defined pH
    • Air-water partition (logHLC) – estimation of air-water partition coefficient (Henry’s Law constant) from US EPA data
    • Inhibition of the hepatic OATP1B1 transporter in human (OATP1B1_Inh)
    • Inhibition of the intestinal P-gp transporter in human (Pgp_Inh)
    • Likelihood of intestinal efflux by P-gp transporter in human (Pgp_Substr)
  • Permeability models
    • Human effective permeability (S+Peff) – jejunal Peff
    • MDCK apparent permeability (S+MDCK) – in vitro Papp
    • Corneal permeability (Perm_Cornea) – ocular permeability through rabbit cornea based on literature data obtained in vitro
    • Skin permeability (Perm_Skin) – permeability through human skin of compounds dissolved in aqueous solution; based on literature data
    • Blood-brain barrier permeation – there are two models, classification (BBB_Filter) and regression (LogBB).  The first classification model has a low cutoff such that compounds that are predicted to have low permeability have very little chance of penetrating the blood-brain barrier.  Compounds that are predicted to have high blood-brain barrier penetration should be evaluated with the regression model that predicts the blood to brain concentration ratio.
  • Solubility models
    • Aqueous solubility:
      • Native solubility (S+Sw) – solubility in pure water
      • Native pH at saturation in pure water (S+pH_Satd)
      • Intrinsic solubility in pure water (S+S_Intrins)
      • Salt solubility factor (SolFactor)
      • Water solubility at user-specified pH (S+S_pH)
    • Solubility in the simulated gastrointestinal fluids (the models were built using data in our Biorelevant Solubility Database)
      • Fasted state simulated gastric fluid solubility (S+FaSSGF)
      • Fasted state simulated intestinal fluid (S+FaSSIF)
      • Fed state simulated intestinal fluid (S+FeSSIF)
    • Supersaturation ratio (SupSatn) – a tendency to supersaturate in water
  • Pharmacokinetic models
    • Human and rat plasma protein binding as percent unbound (hum_fup% and rat_fup%)
    • Human volume of distribution (Vd)
    • Human and rat blood-to-plasma concentration ratio (RBP and RBP_rat)
    • Fraction unbound in human liver microsomes (S+fumic)
03. Resources
Explore Resources